The one thing that the entire world is concerned about right now is the outbreak of the novel coronavirus and how to prevent spreading it. Till now the deadly novel coronavirus has claimed over 4,900 lives and infected more than 1,24,330 people across the world. In India, 75 cases have been confirmed and on Thursday, the first fatality was recorded after a 76-year-old man, who died two days ago, was tested positive.

The World Health Organisation (WHO) on Wednesday announced that the virus can now be characterised as a pandemic. One of the most common questions that everybody is asking is "What are the symptoms of COVID-19?

According to the report of the WHO-China Joint Mission on Coronavirus Disease 2019 the signs and symptoms for COVID-19 are "non-specific and the disease presentation can range from no symptoms (asymptomatic) to severe pneumonia and death.

Based on a study of 55,924 laboratory confirmed cases, the report suggested that typical signs and symptoms for COVID-19 include fever, dry cough, fatigue, sputum (mixture of saliva and mucus) production, shortness of breath, sore throat, headache, myalgia (pain in a muscle or group of muscles) or arthralgia (pain in a joint), chills, nausea or vomiting, nasal congestion, diarrhea and hemoptysis (coughing up blood) and conjunctival congestion.

The report by WHO said that people infected with COVID-19 generally develop signs and symptoms that include mild respiratory symptoms and fever, on an average of 5-6 days after infection.

WHO reported that most people infected with COVID-19 generally have mild disease and then recover. Approximately, 80 per cent of confirmed patients had mild to moderate diseases, which included non-pneumonia and pneumonia cases.

Individuals at highest risk for severe disease and death include people aged over 60 years and those with underlying conditions such as hypertension, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, chronic respiratory disease and cancer," the report said.

However, disease in children has been relatively rare and mild with approximately 2.4 per cent of the total reported cases reported amongst individuals aged less than 19 years. As for the mortality, the WHO said that it "increases with age, with the highest mortality among people over 80 years of age.

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